RSSTë gjitha Hyrje në "Liban" Kategori

Escalation in the Middle East: a lasting damage to peace and democracy

Paolo Cotta

The rapid and dangerous escalation of war operations in the Middle East has resulted in a very significant loss of life among Lebanese, Palestinians and Israelis, and serious damage to civilian infrastructures. Major operations began with a low-level conflict around Gaza,that involved the launching of some missiles into Israel, some (more deadly) Israeli retaliation on Gaza, and the attack on an Israeli military post outside Gaza to which Israel reacted swiftly and very strongly. In the chain reaction that followed, admittedly Israel’ sintention was, and is, to inflict on the other side a far heavier punishment than that taken by Israel—which may appear as a militarily sound posture aimed at avoiding incidents andattacks, por, in fact, it is the civilian population that has been mainly affected. As a result,the suffering of the Lebanese and Palestinian civilian populations (in terms of deaths,wounded and destroyed infrastructures) has to date been largely disproportionate to that of Israel. When, in the case of Palestine, this discrimination already follows about 40 years of discrimination in the same direction, hostility and adversarial relations are bound toincrease. So while Israel’s heavy deterrence through punishment may work temporarily and occasionally in preventing or reducing attacks, the general sentiment of hostility in the region is increased, and creates in the long range a bigger obstacle to peace.

the 500 myslimanet më me ndikim

John Esposito

Ibrahim Kalin

Ky botim që ju keni në duart tuaja është i pari i asaj që ne shpresojmë se do të jetë seri anannual që ofron një dritare në Levizesit dhe edited directory e Muslimworld. Ne kemi përpjekur të nxjerrë në pah njerëzit që janë me ndikim si myslimanë, thatis, njerëz ndikimi i të cilit është nxjerrë nga praktika e tyre e Islamit apo nga factthat ata janë muslimanë. Ne mendojmë se kjo jep informacion të vlefshëm në differentways se muslimanët ndikojnë botën, dhe gjithashtu tregon diversitetin e se si peopleare jetojnë si muslimanë today.Influence është një koncept i ndërlikuar. kuptimi i saj rrjedh nga fjala latine influensmeaning të rrjedhë-in, duke treguar një ide të vjetër astrologjike se forcat e padukshme (si TheMoon) ndikojnë njerëzimit. Shifrat në këtë listë kanë aftësinë të ndikojnë humanitytoo. Në një shumëllojshmëri të mënyrave të ndryshme çdo person në këtë listë ka ndikim mbi thelives e një numri të madh të njerëzve në tokë. The 50 më figuresare ndikim profilizuar. Ndikimi i tyre vjen nga një shumëllojshmëri e burimeve; megjithatë ata areunified nga fakti se ata çdo ndikojnë ngastra të mëdha të humanity.We kanë shkatërruar atëherë 500 liderët në 15 kategori-Dijetari, politik,administrativ, racë, Preachers, Gratë, të rinjtë, filantropi, zhvillim,Shkencë dhe Teknologji, Artit dhe kulturës, Media, radikalët, IslamicNetworks ndërkombëtare, dhe çështjet e ditës, për t'ju ndihmuar të kuptoni llojet e ndryshme ofways Islamit dhe muslimanëve ndikim në botë të today.Two listat përbërë tregojnë se si ndikimi punon në mënyra të ndryshme: InternationalIslamic Rrjetet tregon njerëz të cilët janë në krye të transnationalnetworks të rëndësishme të muslimanëve, dhe çështjet e ditës nxjerr në pah individët whoseimportance është për shkak të çështjeve aktuale që ndikojnë njerëzimin.

Demokracia dhe Partitë islamike

Mona Yacoubian

In the immediate aftermath of the September 11th terrorist attacks, international pressure mounted for political reform in the Middle East, particularly the Arab world. For its part, the Bush administration elevated democracy promotion in the Middle East to a key strategic priority. The administration’s policy sprung from the belief that strong linkages exist between the Middle East’s long history of autocratic rule and the emergence of a transnational terrorist movement with its roots in many of those same countries. Numerous independent analyses likewise have suggested that the Middle East’s dysfunctional, autocratic political systems are helping to breed Islamist extremism.An Islamist “Tsunami”Yet, despite the critical importance assigned to political opening in the Middle East, a number of factors, including ongoing turmoil in Iraq and competing priorities of the Global War on Terror (GWOT), have intervened to complicate U.S. democracy promotion efforts. Veçanërisht, various Islamist parties’ strong showings in recent elections have added a new layer of complexity to U.S. democracy promotion efforts in the Arab world. Me të vërtetë, across the region, Islamist parties and organizations boast strong grassroots support. These groups represent a broad spectrum of views, ranging from moderate parties that have renounced violence to well-established terrorist organizations.Hamas’ resounding victory in the January 25, 2006 Palestinian elections, winning 74 nga 132 vende, is perhaps the most dramatic example of the power Islamists wield at the ballot box. Deemed a terrorist organization by the United States and Europe, the party’s rise to power has significantly complicated U.S. policy toward the Palestinian Authority as well as efforts to help resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Similar concerns characterize Hizballah’s role in Lebanon. The terrorist organization won 14 e 128 seats in the Lebanese parliament in the June 2005 Zgjedhjet, the first independent vote in thirty years following the withdrawal of Syrian troops. While Hizballah’s parliamentary presence is far outstripped by an anti-Syrian opposition bloc, the organization still holds significant sway over Lebanese politics and is the only political party to maintain an armed militia.