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The Muslim Brotherhood's Initiative as a Reform Program

The Muslim Brotherhood’s Initiative as a Reform Program

On March 3, 2004, Mr. Mahdi Akef, the leader and guide of the Muslim Brotherhood launched the Brotherhood’s Initiative to Participate in Awaited Democratic Reform, presenting the Brotherhood as a political faction that deems itself competent to participate

Terrorist and Extremist Movements in the Middle East

Terrorist and Extremist Movements in the Middle East

Terrorism and asymmetric warfare are scarcely new features of the Middle Eastern military balance, and Islamic extremism is scarcely the only source of extremist violence.

Commentary: Hollow ring for democracy

Commentary: Hollow ring for democracy

WASHINGTON, June 24 (UPI) — The White House’s crusade for democracy, as President Bush sees it, has produced “a critical mass of events taking that (Middle Eastern) region in a hopeful new direction.”

The Problem of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood

The Problem of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood

On June 20, 2007, the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research convened a meeting of U.S. intelligence officials to weigh the prospect of formal engagement with the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, known in Arabic as al-Ikhwan al-Muslimin. The session was the result of several years of discussion about engaging the group considered by many to be the fountainhead of Sunni fundamentalism

Reneging on Reform: Egypt and Tunisia

Reneging on Reform: Egypt and Tunisia

On November 6, 2003, President George W. Bush proclaimed, “Sixty years of Western nations excusingand accommodating the lack of freedom in the Middle East did nothing to make us safe—because in the longrun, stability cannot be purchased at the expense of liberty

What Happened to the “Arab Street?”

What Happened to the “Arab Street?”

Changing Protest Behavior of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood

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