Feminismus mezi sekularismem a islamismu: Případě Palestiny

Dr, Islah Jad

Legislative elections held in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 2006 brought to power the Islamist movement Hamas, which went on to form the majority of the Palestinian Legislative Council and also the first majority Hamas government. These elections resulted in the appointment of the first female Hamas minister, who became the Minister of Women’s Affairs. Between March 2006 and June 2007, two different female Hamas ministers assumed this post, but both found it difficult to manage the Ministry since most of its employees were not Hamas members but belonged to other political parties, and most were members of Fatah, the dominant movement controlling most Palestinian Authority institutions. A tense period of struggle between the women of Hamas in the Ministry of Women’s Affairs and the female members of Fatah came to an end following Hamas’ takeover of power in the Gaza Strip and the resultant fall of its government in the West Bank – a struggle which sometimes took a violent turn. One reason later cited to explain this struggle was the difference between secular feminist discourse and Islamist discourse on women’s issues. In the Palestinian context this disagreement took on a dangerous nature as it was used to justify perpetuating the bloody political struggle, the removal of Hamas women from their positions or posts, a politické a geografické rozdíly panující v té době jak na Západním břehu Jordánu, tak v okupovaném pásmu Gazy.
Tento boj vyvolává řadu důležitých otázek: měli bychom potrestat islamistické hnutí, které se dostalo k moci, nebo bychom měli zvážit důvody, které vedly k Fatehovu neúspěchu na politické scéně? Může feminismus nabídnout ženám komplexní rámec, bez ohledu na jejich sociální a ideologickou příslušnost? Může jim diskurz sdíleného společného základu pro ženy pomoci uvědomit si své společné cíle a dohodnout se na nich?? Je paternalismus přítomen pouze v islamistické ideologii, a ne v nacionalismu a vlastenectví? Co rozumíme pod pojmem feminismus? Existuje jen jeden feminismus, nebo několik feminismů? Co máme na mysli islámem – je to hnutí známé pod tímto jménem nebo náboženství, the philosophy, or the legal system? We need to go to the bottom of these issues and consider them carefully, and we must agree upon them so that we can later decide, as feminists, if our criticism of paternalism should be directed at religion (víra), which should be confined to the heart of the believer and not be allowed to take control of the world at large, or the jurisprudence, which relates to different schools of faith which explain the legal system contained in the Quran and the sayings of the Prophetthe Sunnah.

Soubor pod: ČlánkyNejlepšíHamasPalestina

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