Women in Islam

Amira Burghul

Despite major consensus amongst a large number of philosophers and historians that the

αρχές και διδασκαλίες του Ισλάμ προκάλεσαν μια θεμελιώδη αλλαγή στη θέση της γυναίκας

σε σύγκριση με την κατάσταση που επικρατούσε σε χώρες τόσο της Ανατολής όσο και της Δύσης εκείνη την εποχή, και παρά

η συμφωνία μεγάλου αριθμού στοχαστών και νομοθετών ότι οι γυναίκες κατά την εποχή των

Προφήτης (PBUH) τους παραχωρήθηκαν δικαιώματα και νομικά προνόμια που δεν παραχωρήθηκαν από ανθρωπογενείς νόμους μέχρι

πρόσφατα, προπαγανδιστικές εκστρατείες από δυτικούς και ανθρώπους με δυτικοποιημένη προοπτική

κατηγορούν συνεχώς το Ισλάμ ότι αδικεί τις γυναίκες, της επιβολής περιορισμών σε αυτούς, και

περιθωριοποίηση του ρόλου τους στην κοινωνία.

Αυτή η κατάσταση έχει επιδεινωθεί από την ατμόσφαιρα και τις συνθήκες που επικρατούν σε όλη την περιοχή

μουσουλμανικό κόσμο, όπου η άγνοια και η φτώχεια έχουν δημιουργήσει μια περιορισμένη κατανόηση της θρησκείας

and family and human relations which occlude justice and a civilised way of life, ιδιαίτερα

between men and women. The small group of people who have been granted opportunities to

acquire an education and abilities have also fallen into the trap of believing that achieving justice

for women and capitalising on their abilities is dependent upon rejecting religion and piety and

adopting a Western way of life, as a result of their superficial studies of Islam on the one hand

and the effect of life’s diversions on the other.

Only a very small number of people from these two groups have managed to escape and cast off

their cloaks of ignorance and tradition. These people have studied their heritage in great depth

and detail, and have looked at the results of Western experiences with an open mind. They have

distinguished between the wheat and the chaff in both the past and the present, and have dealt

scientifically and objectively with the problems which have arisen. They have refuted the false

charges made against Islam with eloquent arguments, and have admitted to concealed flaws.

They have also re-examined the sayings and customs of the Infallible Ones in order to

distinguish between what is established and holy and what has been altered and distorted.

The responsible behaviour of this group has established new directions and new ways of dealing

with the question of women in Islamic societies. They have clearly not yet tackled all problems

and found final solutions for the many legislative gaps and deficiencies, but they have laid the

ground for the emergence of a new model for Muslim women, who are both strong and

committed to the legal and effective foundations of their society.

With the triumph of the Islamic Revolution in Iran and the blessing of its leaders, which is the

main religious authority for the participation of women and their effective political and social

participation, the scope for strong debate over women in Islam has been significantly expanded.

The model of Muslim women in Iran has spread to Islamic resistance movements in Lebanon,

Palestine other Arab countries and even the Western world, and as a result, propaganda

campaigns against Islam have abated to some extent.

The emergence of Salafi Islamic movements such as the Taliban in Afghanistan and similar

Salafi movements in Saudi Arabia and North Africa, and their fanatical way of treating women,

have provoked nervous onlookers fearing an Islamic resurgence into launching new propaganda

campaigns accusing Islam of inspiring terrorism and being backwards and unjust towards

women.

Filed Under: ΠροτεινόμεναΣπουδές & έρευνες

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