The Principle of Movement in the Structure of Islam

Sinabi ni Dr.. Muhammad Iqbal

As a cultural movement Islam rejects the old static view of the universe, and reaches a dynamic view. As an emotional system of unification it recognizes the worth of the individual as such, and rejects bloodrelationship as a basis of human unity. Blood-relationship is earthrootedness. Ang paghahanap para sa isang purong sikolohikal na pundasyon ng pagkakaisa ng tao ay nagiging posible lamang sa pang-unawa na ang lahat ng buhay ng tao ay espirituwal sa pinagmulan nito., at ginagawang posible para sa tao na palayain ang kanyang sarili mula sa lupa. Ang Kristiyanismo na orihinal na lumitaw bilang isang monastikong orden ay sinubukan ni Constantine bilang isang sistema ng pag-iisa.2 Ang kabiguan nitong gumana bilang ganoong sistema ay nagtulak sa Emperador Julian3 na bumalik sa mga lumang diyos ng Roma kung saan sinubukan niyang maglagay ng mga interpretasyong pilosopikal.. Ang isang modernong mananalaysay ng sibilisasyon ay naglalarawan sa kalagayan ng sibilisadong mundo tungkol sa panahon kung kailan lumitaw ang Islam sa yugto ng Kasaysayan.: It seemed then that the great civilization that it had taken four thousand years to construct was on the verge of disintegration, and that mankind was likely to return to that condition of barbarism where every tribe and sect was against the next, and law and order were unknown . . . The
old tribal sanctions had lost their power. Hence the old imperial methods would no longer operate. The new sanctions created by
Christianity were working division and destruction instead of unity and order. It was a time fraught with tragedy. Civilization, like a gigantic tree whose foliage had overarched the world and whose branches had borne the golden fruits of art and science and literature, stood tottering, its trunk no longer alive with the flowing sap of devotion and reverence, but rotted to the core, riven by the storms of war, and held together only by the cords of ancient customs and laws, that might snap at any moment. Was there any emotional culture that could be brought in, to gather mankind once more into unity and to save civilization? This culture must be something of a new type, for the old sanctions and ceremonials were dead, and to build up others of the same kind would be the work
of centuries.’The writer then proceeds to tell us that the world stood in need of a new culture to take the place of the culture of the throne, and the systems of unification which were based on bloodrelationship.
It is amazing, he adds, that such a culture should have arisen from Arabia just at the time when it was most needed. There is, gayunpaman, nothing amazing in the phenomenon. The world-life intuitively sees its own needs, and at critical moments defines its own direction. This is what, in the language of religion, we call prophetic revelation. It is only natural that Islam should have flashed across the consciousness of a simple people untouched by any of the ancient cultures, and occupying a geographical position where three continents meet together. The new culture finds the foundation of world-unity in the principle of Tauhâd.’5 Islam, as a polity, is only a practical means of making this principle a living factor in the intellectual and emotional life of mankind. It demands loyalty to God, not to thrones. And since God is the ultimate spiritual basis of all life, loyalty to God virtually amounts to man’s loyalty to his own ideal nature. The ultimate spiritual basis of all life, as conceived by Islam, is eternal and reveals itself in variety and change. A society based on such a conception of Reality must reconcile, in its life, the categories of permanence and change. It must possess eternal principles to regulate its collective life, for the eternal gives us a foothold in the world of perpetual change.

Filed Under: Mga ArtikuloEgyptItinatampokIranTunisia

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