Die beginsel van beweging in die struktuur van die Islam

Dr. Muhammad Iqbal

As 'n kulturele beweging Islam verwerp die ou statiese siening van die heelal, and reaches a dynamic view. As an emotional system of unification it recognizes the worth of the individual as such, and rejects bloodrelationship as a basis of human unity. Blood-relationship is earthrootedness. The search for a purely psychological foundation of human unity becomes possible only with the perception that all human life is spiritual in its origin.1 Such a perception is creative of fresh loyalties without any ceremonial to keep them alive, and makes it possible for man to emancipate himself from the earth. Christianity which had originally appeared as a monastic order was tried by Constantine as a system of unification.2 Its failure to work as such a system drove the Emperor Julian3 to return to the old gods of Rome on which he attempted to put philosophical interpretations. A modern historian of civilization has thus depicted the state of the civilized world about the time when Islam appeared on the stage of History: It seemed then that the great civilization that it had taken four thousand years to construct was on the verge of disintegration, and that mankind was likely to return to that condition of barbarism where every tribe and sect was against the next, en wet en orde is onbekend . . . Die
ou stam-sanksies het hul krag verloor. Hence the old imperial methods would no longer operate. Die nuwe sanksies geskep deur
Christianity were working division and destruction instead of unity and order. Dit was 'n tyd belaai met drama. Beskawing, like a gigantic tree whose foliage had overarched the world and whose branches had borne the golden fruits of art and science and literature, staan swik, its trunk no longer alive with the flowing sap of devotion and reverence, but rotted to the core, gespleten deur die storms van die oorlog, and held together only by the cords of ancient customs and laws, that might snap at any moment. Was daar enige emosionele kultuur wat kon in gebring word, to gather mankind once more into unity and to save civilization? Hierdie kultuur moet iets van 'n nuwe tipe wees, for the old sanctions and ceremonials were dead, en te bou aan ander van dieselfde soort sou die werk word
of centuries.’The writer then proceeds to tell us that the world stood in need of a new culture to take the place of the culture of the throne, en die stelsels van eenwording wat op bloodrelationship gebaseer is.
Dit is amazing, voeg hy by, that such a culture should have arisen from Arabia just at the time when it was most needed. Daar is, egter, niks amazing in die verskynsel. The world-life intuitively sees its own needs, en op kritiese oomblikke beskryf sy eie rigting. This is what, in die taal van geloof, ons noem profetiese openbaring. It is only natural that Islam should have flashed across the consciousness of a simple people untouched by any of the ancient cultures, en beklee 'n geografiese posisie waar drie vastelande bymekaarkom. The new culture finds the foundation of world-unity in the principle of Tauhâd.’5 Islam, as 'n samelewing, is only a practical means of making this principle a living factor in the intellectual and emotional life of mankind. Dit vereis lojaliteit aan God, om nie te trone. And since God is the ultimate spiritual basis of all life, lojaliteit aan God bedrae feitlik aan die mens se lojaliteit aan sy eie ideale natuur. The ultimate spiritual basis of all life, as swanger deur die Islam, is eternal and reveals itself in variety and change. A society based on such a conception of Reality must reconcile, in sy lewe, the categories of permanence and change. Dit moet oor die ewige beginsels sy kollektiewe lewe te reguleer, for the eternal gives us a foothold in the world of perpetual change.

wees Gesellig, Deel!

Filed Under: ArtikelsEgipteBesteIranTunisië

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