UISLAMU NA DEMOKRASIA huria

Robin Wright
Kati ya changamoto zote zinazoikabili demokrasia katika miaka ya 1990, moja ya uongo mkubwa katika ulimwengu wa Kiislamu. Ni nchi chache tu kati ya zaidi ya dazeni nne zenye Waislamu wengi ambazo zimepiga hatua kubwa katika kuanzisha mifumo ya kidemokrasia.. Miongoni mwa wachache hawa–ikiwa ni pamoja na Albania, Bangladesh, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Mali, Pakistan, na Uturuki–hakuna hata mmoja aliyepata mafanikio kamili, imara, au kulinda demokrasia. Na kambi kubwa zaidi ya kikanda inayoshikilia dhidi ya mwelekeo wa kimataifa kuelekea vyama vingi vya kisiasa inajumuisha nchi za Kiislamu za Mashariki ya Kati na Afrika Kaskazini..
Hata hivyo upinzani dhidi ya mabadiliko ya kisiasa unaohusishwa na kambi ya Kiislamu si lazima uwe kazi ya imani ya Kiislamu. Kwa kweli, ushahidi unaonyesha kinyume kabisa. Watawala katika baadhi ya tawala zinazopinga demokrasia katika ulimwengu wa Kiislamu–kama vile Brunei, Indonesia, Iraq, Oman, Qatar, Syria, na Turkmenistan–ni watawala wa kidunia wanaokataa kugawana madaraka na ndugu zao.
Kwa ujumla, vikwazo kwa wingi wa kisiasa katika nchi za Kiislamu si tofauti na matatizo yaliyokabiliwa awali katika sehemu nyingine za dunia: itikadi za kilimwengu kama vile Baathism huko Iraqi na Syria, Pancasila huko Indonesia, au Ukomunisti unaoendelea katika baadhi ya majimbo ya zamani ya Asia ya Kati ya Sovieti hakuna upinzani wa kweli. Cha kushangaza, nyingi ya itikadi hizi zilichukuliwa kutoka Magharibi; Ubatizo, kwa mfano, ulitiwa msukumo na ujamaa wa Ulaya wa miaka ya 1930 na 1940. Rigid government controls over everything from communications in Saudi Arabia and Brunei to foreign visitors in Uzbekistan and Indonesia also isolate their people from democratic ideas and debate on popular empowerment. In the largest and poorest Muslim countries, moreover, problems common to [End Page 64] developing states, from illiteracy and disease to poverty, make simple survival a priority and render democratic politics a seeming luxury. hatimaye, like their non-Muslim neighbors in Asia and Africa, most Muslim societies have no local history of democracy on which to draw. As democracy has blossomed in Western states over the past three centuries, Muslim societies have usually lived under colonial rulers, kings, or tribal and clan leaders.
In other words, neither Islam nor its culture is the major obstacle to political modernity, hata kama watawala wasio na demokrasia wakati mwingine hutumia Uislamu kama kisingizio chao. 1 Katika Saudi Arabia, kwa mfano, Baraza tawala la Saud liliegemea Uwahabi, chapa ya puritanical ya Uislamu wa Sunni, kwanza kuunganisha makabila ya Bara Arabu na kisha kuhalalisha utawala wa nasaba. Kama dini zingine za Mungu mmoja, Uislamu unatoa mafundisho mapana na wakati mwingine yanapingana. Katika Saudi Arabia, Misingi ya Uislamu imeundwa kwa kuchagua ili kudumisha ufalme wa kimabavu.

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  1. Usually I do not post on blogs, but I would like to say that this article really forced me to do so! Thanks, really nice article.

  2. Mohamed anasema:

    Thank you for the interesting article… Hata hivyo, I find myself unable to swallow the idea of branding democracy as liberalYes the two concepts are related as they originate from a common theoretical background, nonetheless, theory of liberal toleration is closely related to Christian faith (kingdom of Christ and kindgom of man) which is not the case in islamic theology or political thinking… Kwa hivyo, if we accept the idea of democracy, this does not mean that we should accept the liberal theory as a consequence.

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