Repormasyon sa Islam

Adnan Khan

The Italian Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi boasted after the events of 9/11:
“…we must be aware of the superiority of our civilisation, a system that has guaranteed

well being, respect for human rights andin contrast with Islamic countriesrespect

for religious and political rights, a system that has its values understanding of diversity

and tolerance…The West will conquer peoples, like it conquered communism, even if it

means a confrontation with another civilisation, the Islamic one, stuck where it was

1,400 years ago…”1

And in a 2007 report the RAND institute declared:
“The struggle underway throughout much of the Muslim world is essentially a war of

ideas. Its outcome will determine the future direction of the Muslim world.”

Building moderate Muslim Networks, RAND Institute

The concept of ‘islah’ (reform) is a concept unknown to Muslims. It never existed throughout the

history of the Islamic civilisation; it was never debated or even considered. A cursory glance at classical

Islamic literature shows us that when the classical scholars laid the foundations of usul, and codified

their Islamic rulings (fiqh) sila ay tumitingin lamang sa pag-unawa sa mga alituntunin ng Islam upang

ilapat ang mga ito. Ang isang katulad na sitwasyon ay naganap nang ang mga tuntunin ay inilatag para sa hadith, tafseer at ang

wikang Arabe. Mga iskolar, ang mga nag-iisip at intelektuwal sa buong kasaysayan ng Islam ay gumugol ng maraming oras

pag-unawa sa kapahayagan ng Allah – ang Qur’an at paglalapat ng ayaat sa mga katotohanan at likha

punong-guro at disiplina upang mapadali ang pag-unawa. Kaya't ang Qur'an ay nanatiling batayan ng

pag-aaral at lahat ng mga disiplina na umusbong ay palaging nakabatay sa Qur’an. Yung naging

tinamaan ng pilosopiyang Griyego tulad ng mga pilosopong Muslim at ilang mula sa mga Mut'azilah

ay itinuturing na umalis sa kulungan ng Islam dahil ang Qur’an ay hindi na naging batayan ng kanilang pag-aaral. Thus for

any Muslim attempting to deduce rules or understand what stance should be taken upon a particular

issue the Qur’an is the basis of this study.

The first attempt at reforming Islam took place at the turn of the 19th century. By the turn of the

century the Ummah had been in a lengthy period of decline where the global balance of power shifted

from the Khilafah to Britain. Mounting problems engulfed the Khilafah whilst Western Europe was in

the midst of the industrial revolution. The Ummah came to lose her pristine understanding of Islam, at

in an attempt to reverse the decline engulfing the Uthmani’s (Ottomans) some Muslims were sent to the

Kanluran, and as a result became smitten by what they saw. Rifa’a Rafi’ al-Tahtawi of Egypt (1801-1873),

on his return from Paris, nagsulat ng isang talambuhay na aklat na tinatawag na Takhlis al-ibriz ila talkhis Bariz (The

Pagkuha ng Ginto, o isang Pangkalahatang-ideya ng Paris, 1834), pinupuri ang kanilang kalinisan, pagmamahal sa trabaho, at sa itaas

lahat ng panlipunang moralidad. Ipinahayag niya na dapat nating gayahin ang ginagawa sa Paris, nagsusulong ng mga pagbabago sa

ang lipunang Islam mula sa liberalisasyon ng kababaihan hanggang sa mga sistema ng pamamahala. Ang kaisipang ito, at iba pang katulad nito,

minarkahan ang simula ng reinventing trend sa Islam.

Filed Under: EgyptItinatampokKapatiran & KanluranMuslim na KapatiranEstados Unidos & Europa

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