Islam in die Weste

Jocelyne Cesari

Die immigrasie van Moslems na Europa, Noord-Amerika, and Australia and the complex socioreligious dynamics that have subsequently developed have made Islam in the West a compelling new ªeld of research. The Salman Rushdie affair, hijab kontroversies, the attacks on the World Trade Center, and the furor over the Danish cartoons are all examples of international crises that have brought to light the connections between Muslims in the West and the global Muslim world. These new situations entail theoretical and methodological challenges for the study of contemporary Islam, and it has become crucial that we avoid essentializing either Islam or Muslims and resist the rhetorical structures of discourses that are preoccupied with security and terrorism.
In hierdie artikel, I argue that Islam as a religious tradition is a terra incognita. A preliminary reason for this situation is that there is no consensus on religion as an object of research. Godsdiens, as an academic discipline, geword het verskeur tussen geskiedkundige, sosiologiese, and hermeneutical methodologies. Met die Islam, the situation is even more intricate. In the West, the study of Islam began as a branch of Orientalist studies and therefore followed a separate and distinctive path from the study of religions. Even though the critique of Orientalism has been central to the emergence of the study of Islam in the ªeld of social sciences, tensions remain strong between Islamicists and both anthropologists and sociologists. The topic of Islam and Muslims in the West is embedded in this struggle. One implication of this methodological tension is that students of Islam who began their academic career studying Islam in France, Duitsland, or America ªnd it challenging to establish credibility as scholars of Islam, veral in die Noord-Amerikaanse akademiese
konteks.

wees Gesellig, Deel!

Filed Under: EgipteBesteIkhwan & Wes-Moslem BroederskapVerenigde State & Europa

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