Islam en Demokrasie


As 'n mens die pers lees of luister na kommentators oor internasionale aangeleenthede, Daar word dikwels gesê - en nog meer dikwels geïmpliseer, maar nie gesê nie - dat Islam nie verenigbaar is met demokrasie nie. In die negentigerjare, Samuel Huntington het 'n intellektuele vuurstorm veroorsaak toe hy The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order gepubliseer het, waarin hy sy voorspellings vir die wêreld voorstel - grootliks. Op die politieke terrein, hy merk op dat hoewel Turkye en Pakistan 'n klein aanspraak op 'demokratiese legitimiteit' het, alle ander '... Moslemlande was oorwegend nie-demokraties: monargieë, eenpartystelsels, militêre regimes, persoonlike diktature of 'n kombinasie hiervan, rus gewoonlik op 'n beperkte gesin, stam, of stambasis ”. Die uitgangspunt waarop sy argument gegrond is, is dat hulle nie net 'nie soos ons' is nie, they are actually opposed to our essential democratic values. He believes, as do others, that while the idea of Western democratization is being resisted in other parts of the world, the confrontation is most notable in those regions where Islam is the dominant faith.
The argument has also been made from the other side as well. An Iranian religious scholar, reflecting on an early twentieth-century constitutional crisis in his country, declared that Islam and democracy are not compatible because people are not equal and a legislative body is unnecessary because of the inclusive nature of Islamic religious law. A similar position was taken more recently by Ali Belhadj, an Algerian high school teacher, preacher and (in this context) leader of the FIS, when he declared “democracy was not an Islamic concept”. Perhaps the most dramatic statement to this effect was that of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, leader of the Sunni insurgents in Iraq who, when faced with the prospect of an election, denounced democracy as “an evil principle”.
But according to some Muslim scholars, democracy remains an important ideal in Islam, with the caveat that it is always subject to the religious law. The emphasis on the paramount place of the shari’a is an element of almost every Islamic comment on governance, moderate or extremist. Only if the ruler, who receives his authority from God, limits his actions to the “supervision of the administration of the shari’a” is he to be obeyed. If he does other than this, he is a non-believer and committed Muslims are to rebel against him. Herein lies the justification for much of the violence that has plagued the Muslim world in such struggles as that prevailing in Algeria during the 90s

Filed Under: AlgeriëArtikelsEgipteBesteHamasJordaanJordaanse MBMoslem BroederskapPalestinaVerenigde State & Europa


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