Wortels van nasionalisme in die Moslemwêreld

Shabir Ahmed

The Muslim world has been characterised by failure, disunity, bloodshed, oppression and backwardness. At present, no Muslim country in the world can rightly claim to be a leader in any field of human activity. Inderdaad, the non-Muslims of the East and the West
now dictate the social, economic and political agenda for the Muslim Ummah.
Verder, the Muslims identify themselves as Turkish, Arabiese, African and Pakistani. If this is not enough, Muslims are further sub-divided within each country or continent. Byvoorbeeld, in Pakistan people are classed as Punjabis, Sindhis, Balauchis and
Pathans. The Muslim Ummah was never faced with such a dilemma in the past during Islamic rule. They never suffered from disunity, widespread oppression, stagnation in science and technology and certainly not from the internal conflicts that we have witnessed this century like the Iran-Iraq war. So what has gone wrong with the Muslims this century? Why are there so many feuds between them and why are they seen to be fighting each other? What has caused their weakness and how will they ever recover from the present stagnation?
There are many factors that contributed to the present state of affairs, but the main ones are the abandoning of the Arabic language as the language of understanding Islam correctly and performing ijtihad, the absorption of foreign cultures such as the philosophies of the Greeks, Persian and the Hindus, the gradual loss of central authority over some of the provinces, and the rise of nationalism since the 19th Century.
This book focuses on the origins of nationalism in the Muslim world. Nationalism did not arise in the Muslim world naturally, dit het ook nie ontstaan ​​as reaksie op die ontberinge wat die mense ondervind het nie, ook nie weens die frustrasie wat hulle gevoel het toe Europa na die industriële revolusie die wêreld begin oorheers het nie. Eerder, nasionalisme is in die gedagtes van die Moslems ingeplant deur 'n weldeurdagte plan deur die Europese moondhede, na hul versuim om die Islamitiese Staat met geweld te vernietig. Die boek bied ook die Islamitiese uitspraak oor nasionalisme en praktiese stappe wat geneem kan word om die siekte van nasionalisme uit die Moslem -Ummah uit te roei om dit terug te bring na sy eertydse glorie.

Filed Under: AlgeriëEgipteBesteStudies & OndersoekTunisië


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