Islamist Opposition Parties and the Potential for EU Engagement

Toby Archer

Heidi Huuhtanen

In light of the increasing importance of Islamist movements in the Muslim world and

the way that radicalisation has influenced global events since the turn of the century, é

is important for the EU to evaluate its policies towards actors within what can be loosely

termed the ‘Islamic world’. It is particularly important to ask whether and how to engage

with the various Islamist groups.

This remains controversial even within the EU. Some feel that the Islamic values that

lie behind Islamist parties are simply incompatible with western ideals of democracy and

Cearta daonna, while others see engagement as a realistic necessity due to the growing

tábhacht intíre na bpáirtithe Ioslamacha agus a rannpháirtíocht mhéadaitheach in idirnáisiúnta

gnóthaí. Dearcadh eile is ea go méadódh an daonlathú sa domhan Moslamach

slándáil Eorpach. Bailíocht na n-argóintí seo agus argóintí eile faoi cé acu an bhfuil agus conas an

Ba cheart don AE dul i mbun is féidir a thástáil ach amháin trí staidéar a dhéanamh ar na gluaiseachtaí Islamist éagsúla agus

a gcúinsí polaitiúla, tír de réir tíre.

Is téama lárnach de ghníomhaíochtaí comhbheartas eachtrach an AE é an daonlathas, mar atá leagtha

amach in Airteagal 11 den Chonradh ar an Aontas Eorpach. Go leor de na stáit a mheas i seo

nach bhfuil an tuarascáil daonlathach, nó nach bhfuil go hiomlán daonlathach. Sa chuid is mó de na tíortha seo, Ioslamach

cuireann páirtithe agus gluaiseachtaí go mór i gcoinne na réimeas atá i réim, agus

i roinnt acu is iad an bloc freasúra is mó. B’éigean do dhaonlathais Eorpacha le fada an lá

deal with governing regimes that are authoritarian, but it is a new phenomenon to press

for democratic reform in states where the most likely beneficiaries might have, from the

EU’s point of view, different and sometimes problematic approaches to democracy and its

related values, such as minority and women’s rights and the rule of law. These charges are

often laid against Islamist movements, so it is important for European policy-makers to

have an accurate picture of the policies and philosophies of potential partners.

Experiences from different countries tends to suggest that the more freedom Islamist

parties are allowed, the more moderate they are in their actions and ideas. In many

cases Islamist parties and groups have long since shifted away from their original aim

of establishing an Islamic state governed by Islamic law, and have come to accept basic

democratic principles of electoral competition for power, the existence of other political

competitors, and political pluralism.

Filed Under: An AilgéirAn ÉigiptRéadmhaoinHamasJemaah IslamiyahAn IordáinLiobáinAn MhalaeisiaIoslamaigh MharacóMaracóBráithreachas MoslamachAn PhalaistínStaidéar & TaighdeAn tSiriaMB na SiriaturcaíAKP na Tuirce

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