Aanspraak maak op die Center: Politieke Islam in Transition

John L. Edwards

In die 1990's politieke Islam, wat sommige noem “Islamitiese fundamentalisme,” bly 'n groot teenwoordigheid in die regering en politiek oppositioneel uit Noord-Afrika te Suidoos-Asië. Politieke Islam in krag en in die politiek aan die orde het baie probleme en vrae: “Is Islam teenstelling tot modernisering?,” “Are Islam and democracy incompatible?,” “What are the implications of an Islamic government for pluralism, minority and women’s rights,” “How representative are Islamists,” “Are there Islamic moderates?,” “Should the West fear a transnational Islamic threat or clash of civilizations?” Contemporary Islamic Revivalism The landscape of the Muslim world today reveals the emergence of new Islamic republics (Iran, Sudan, Afghanistan), the proliferation of Islamic movements that function as major political and social actors within existing systems, and the confrontational politics of radical violent extremists._ In contrast to the 1980s when political Islam was simply equated with revolutionary Iran or clandestine groups with names like Islamic jihad or the Army of God, the Muslim world in the 1990s is one in which Islamists have participated in the electoral process and are visible as prime ministers, cabinet officers, speakers of national assemblies, parliamentarians, and mayors in countries as diverse as Egypt, Sudan, Turkye, Iran, Libanon, Kuwait, Yemen, Jordaan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maleisië, Indonesië, and Israel/Palestine. At the dawn of the twenty-first century, political Islam continues to be a major force for order and disorder in global politics, one that participates in the political process but also in acts of terrorism, a challenge to the Muslim world and to the West. Understanding the nature of political Islam today, and in particular the issues and questions that have emerged from the experience of the recent past, remains critical for governments, policymakers, and students of international politics alike.

wees Gesellig, Deel!

Filed Under: EgipteBesteHamasIkhwan & Wes-Jemaah IslamiyahJordaanMoslem BroederskapSiriese MBTurkyeTurkye se Oseaan

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