Feminismus zwischen Säkularismus und Islamismus: Fall von Palästina

Dr, Islah Jad

Parlamentswahlen im Westjordanland und im Gazastreifen in statt 2006 brought to power the Islamist movement Hamas, which went on to form the majority of the Palestinian Legislative Council and also the first majority Hamas government. These elections resulted in the appointment of the first female Hamas minister, wer die Ministerin für Frauenangelegenheiten wurde. Between March 2006 and June 2007, zwei verschiedene weibliche Hamas-Minister angenommen diesem Post, but both found it difficult to manage the Ministry since most of its employees were not Hamas members but belonged to other political parties, und die meisten waren Mitglieder der Fatah, the dominant movement controlling most Palestinian Authority institutions. A tense period of struggle between the women of Hamas in the Ministry of Women’s Affairs and the female members of Fatah came to an end following Hamas’ takeover of power in the Gaza Strip and the resultant fall of its government in the West Bank – a struggle which sometimes took a violent turn. One reason later cited to explain this struggle was the difference between secular feminist discourse and Islamist discourse on women’s issues. In the Palestinian context this disagreement took on a dangerous nature as it was used to justify perpetuating the bloody political struggle, the removal of Hamas women from their positions or posts, and the political and geographical divides prevailing at the time in both the West Bank and the occupied Gaza Strip.
Dieser Kampf wirft eine Reihe von wichtigen Fragen: should we punish the Islamist movement which has come to power, or should we consider the reasons which led to Fateh’s failure in the political arena? Kann Feminismus bieten einen umfassenden Rahmen für Frauen, regardless of their social and ideological affiliations? Can a discourse of a shared common ground for women help them to realize and agree upon their common goals? Is paternalism only present in Islamist ideology, und nicht in Nationalismus und Patriotismus? Was verstehen wir unter Feminismus bedeuten? Is there only one feminism, oder mehrere Feminismen? Was verstehen wir unter Islam bedeuten – is it the movement known by this name or the religion, die Philosophie, oder der Rechtsordnung? We need to go to the bottom of these issues and consider them carefully, und wir müssen auf sie damit einverstanden sind, dass wir später entscheiden, as feminists, wenn unsere Kritik des Paternalismus sollte Religion gerichtet sein (Glauben), which should be confined to the heart of the believer and not be allowed to take control of the world at large, or the jurisprudence, which relates to different schools of faith which explain the legal system contained in the Quran and the sayings of the Prophet – die Sunna.
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